Frequency Of Beta Thalassemia Major Abo Blood Groups In Different Foundation Of District Peshawar


  • Muhammad Imran Khan Author
  • Muhammad Rabnawaz Iqra National University, Peshawar Author
  • Imran Ullah Author
  • Irfan Ullah Author
  • Maqbool Ahmad Author



Thalassemia major, congenital hemolytic disorder, Haemoglobin , ABO , blood group, Subunit Beta gene


Background: Thalassemia major (TM) is an inherited hemolytic disorder occur due to abnormal hemoglobin production as a result of HBB (Haemoglobin Subunit Beta) gene mutation because HBB gene provides instructions for making of beta globin. The research study aim is to determine the frequency of beta thalassemia major ABO blood group in different foundation of district Peshawar.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 100 individuals with Thalassemia major from different foundations in Peshawar, including Hamza Foundation and Fatmid Foundation. The data was analyzed for statistical analysis using SPSS version 22.0 software.

Results: The study analyzed the gender-wise distribution of Thalassemia major patients, revealing that out of the 100 individuals, 43 were female (43%) and 57 were male (57%). Moreover, the study examined the ABO blood types among the participants. The most prevalent blood type among the Thalassemia major patients was B+ (35.0%), followed by O+ (34.0%), A+ (26.0%), AB+ (4.0%), and O- (1.0%).

Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be said that among those with Thalassemia major in the population under study, the B+ blood type is the most prevalent and well-known ABO blood group.



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