Frequency of Prostatic Adenocarcinoma in Transurethral Resection of Prostatectomy Done for Benign prostatic Enlargement and Correlation with Serum Level of PSA


  • Mohsin Ali Hassni University of Balochistan Author
  • Rubina Mir Author
  • Zafar H Tanveer Author
  • Afzal Khan Author
  • Hassan Iftikhar Author
  • Syeda Muntaha Zahra Zaidi Author
  • Attiqe ur Rehman Author
  • Muhammad Shahzaib Khan Author



PSA, Adenocarcinoma, Transurethral resection, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Background: Around the world, transurethral resection of the prostate, or TURP, is the most often used surgical procedure for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The current study is designed to evaluate the Frequency of prostatic Adenocarcinoma in transurethral resection of prostatectomy and its correlation with serum levels of PSA.

Methods: The Retrospective study was conducted in the Histopathology Lab of Dr. Akbar Niazi Teaching Hospital Islamabad which is an PMDC-approved and ISO-9001-certified hospital. The data for this study was obtained by including consecutive cases of transurethral resection prostatectomy received for analysis in the histopathology lab during the study period. The data was retrieved from Histopathology record files. The slides were viewed and the diagnoses were confirmed. The patient’s serum PSA levels were retrieved from pre-operation hospital medical records. The Patients who presented to the histology lab for diagnosis were reassessed using a Questionnaire based on Performa divided into different sections such as socio-demographic data, reasons, History of Diseases, PSA level, Age, and complications. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS Version 21.

Results: In 53 patients 11 were of Prostatic Adenocarcinoma, 14 were benign prostatic hyperplasia and 28 were prostatitis. with number and percentage. Prostate Specific Antigen value was different in patients. The highest reported value was 28ng/ml. The mean was 2.68 ng/ml. Most cases were present between the age group of 50-60 years with 32.1% Prostatic adenocarcinoma frequency was higher in the older age group levels above 4ng/ml were seen in prostatitis and BPH. Conversely, there were cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma with less than/ml PSA levels

Conclusion: PSA levels were raised, above 4ng/ml in 8 cases while low in 3 cases of Prostatic adenocarcinoma. PSA levels were also raised in a case of prostatitis and two cases of BPH. We conclude that PSA levels although suggestive are not entirely specific for prostatic adenocarcinoma.


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